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Download E-books A Brief History of Ireland PDF

By Richard Killeen

The tale of eire has been wrapped in mythology and legend. on account that its very origins, the island has develop into the house for a successive sequence of invaders—the Celts, Christians, Vikings, and Normans. And regardless of deprivation, desperation, and suppression, eire has constructed an unwavering feel of function and place.

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Download E-books The Origins of the Second World War in Europe PDF

By P. M. H. Bell

PMH Bell's recognized publication is a complete research of the interval and debates surrounding the ecu origins of the second one international War. He methods the topic from 3 various angles: describing a number of the causes which were provided for the conflict and the historiographical debates that experience arisen from them, analysing the ideological, financial and strategic forces at paintings in Europe through the Nineteen Thirties, and tracing the process occasions from peace in 1932, through the preliminary outbreak of hostilities in 1939, via to the climactic German assault at the Soviet Union in 1941 which marked the descent into normal conflict.

Written in a lucid, obtainable type, this is often an imperative advisor to the advanced origins of the second one global struggle.

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Download E-books Paternalism, Conflict, and Coproduction: Learning from Citizen Action and Citizen Participation in Western Europe (Environment, Development and Public Policy: Environmental Policy and Planning) PDF

A study workforce from the USA has accomplished an exam of citizen participation experiments in seven eu international locations. The staff incorporated Donald Appleyard, Marc Draisen, David Godschalk, Chester Hartman, Janice Perlman, Hans Spiegel, John Zeisel, and ourselves. This publication is a manufactured from our joint efforts. Our experiences are aimed toward summarizing and sharing what could be discovered from contemporary eu efforts to reinforce the effectiveness of neighborhood executive via elevated public involvement within the association and administration of public prone and concrete redevelopment. virtually a yr used to be spent assembling the workforce, constructing a shared framework for research and deciding upon applicable case­ examine towns. eu and American public officers and citizen activists helped us determine the capability impression of this type of learn on present perform. A moment yr was once spent vacationing the ecu towns and getting ready the case-study drafts. eventually, staff individuals amassed in Washington, D. C. , with fifty American and ecu public officers, citizen activists, and students. A two-day symposium supplied a thrilling chance to provide initial examine findings and inspire an alternate of principles among researchers, activists, and policymakers. the ultimate models of the case reports that seem during this ebook, besides a number of commentaries by means of symposium contributors, are written specifically for urban officers and citizen activists. we've attempted to translate the result of our scholarly inquiry into pragmatic feedback for officers and activists.

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Download E-books Austria-Hungary and the Origins of the First World War PDF

By Samuel R. Williamson

A textual content at the coming of worldwide warfare I relating to the Austro-Hungarian Empire. a part of a sequence of in particular commissioned titles targeting major and infrequently arguable occasions and subject matters of global heritage within the current century.

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Download E-books Systems Thinking in Europe PDF

By Rafael Rodríguez-Delgado (auth.), M. C. Jackson, G. J. Mansell, R. L. Flood, R. B. Blackham, S. V. E. Probert (eds.)

The subject ofthe convention at which the papers during this publication have been awarded was'Systems pondering in Europe'. individuals of the uk platforms Society (UKSS) have been wide awake that the platforms movementflourishes notonly within the united kingdom, the USA and the Antipodes, but in addition in continental Europe, either East and West, and within the USSR, a state more and more being welcomed by way of the eu comity. club of the UKSS had no longer maybe had the chance, in spite of the fact that, of listening to very important new rules from continental Europe, and this convention supplied a chance to take action. a few attention-grabbing papers are to be chanced on right here from either the West and the East, if the editors could be forgiven for perpetuating what should be an more and more beside the point dichotomy. One lesson to be discovered from this convention, even though, is that platforms considering is actually overseas. this isn't to assert that there's one platforms paradigm unifonnly utilized, in spite of the fact that. maybe the middle of platforms pondering is that one is drawn to advanced 'wholes' with emergent homes, to which cybernetic principles may be utilized. Examples of such structures considering are available in those lawsuits, for instance within the part entitled "Applications of platforms Thinking". makes an attempt to result in switch with those rules, in spite of the fact that, have given upward thrust to a variety of methods, as is evidenced through the papers facing the appliance of methodologies within the 'hard' and 'soft' structures traditions.

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Download E-books Mission Incomprehensible: The Linguistic Barrier to Effective Police Co-operation in Europe (Multilingual Matters) PDF

The purpose of the one ecu Act used to be to boost all regulations on unfastened flow in the eu group however it does not anything to take away the centuries-old linguistic borders. The police forces in Europe are liable for facing terrorism, drug trafficking and organised crime in addition to an excellent many extra mundane issues. to satisfy their tasks, the police forces can be more and more required to paintings heavily with one another and the truth that there's no universal eu language represents a substantial quandary to potent collaboration. This e-book seems on the policing and legal justice structures which exist within the ecu group and the way the multiplicity of languages impacts those at senior point, while engaging in legal investigations and while facing international viewers within the streets. It examines the measure of knowledge of those difficulties which presently exists within the a number of police forces and stories the stairs taken to beat or alleviate the problems — an element which varies significantly from state to state and from strength to strength.

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Download E-books The Northern Wars: War, State and Society in Northeastern Europe, 1558 - 1721 PDF

By Robert I. Frost

This publication offers an obtainable learn of the overlooked yet hugely vital sequence of wars fought for keep an eye on of the Baltic and Northeastern Europe in the course of the interval 1558-1721. it's the first finished historical past which considers the revolution in army procedure which happened within the battlefields of japanese Europe. Robert Frost examines the influence of warfare at the very various social and political structures of Sweden, Denmark, Poland-Lithuania and Russia and he explains why it was once Russia that emerged positive from those wars. in line with huge basic and secondary learn (including a lot fabric that's unexpected in English) this e-book makes a major contribution to the talk on army swap and political improvement in early smooth Europe.

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Download E-books The Foreign Office and Finland: Diplomatic Sideshow (Contemporary Security Studies) PDF

By Craig Gerrard

The booklet appears on the ways that the Northern division of the international workplace approached issues bearing on Finland within the years 1938-1940, focusing on the actual problems with the proposed refortification of the Åland Islands, Finnish rearmament and relief to Finland throughout the iciness conflict with the Soviet Union.
At the start of this era, the Northern division officers aimed toward giving aid to Finland whereas, even as, trying to create an atmosphere the place Finland and the Soviet Union may achieve contract, hence preserving Finland out of the German sphere of impact.

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Download E-books Learning while working - Success stories on workplace learning in Europe PDF

By European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop)

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Download E-books Byzantine Armies AD 1118–1461 (Men-at-Arms) PDF

By Ian Heath

The Byzantine Empire's disastrous defeat through the Seljuk Turks at Manzikert in 1071 successfully marked the tip of what's frequently defined because the 'middle' interval of Byzantine background. Thereafter, surrounded on both sides through more youthful, extra full of life countries, the as soon as omnipotent Empire slipped right into a regular decline which, eventually, was once to turn out terminal. besides the fact that, the Empire's death was once whatever yet peaceable, and, a technique or one other, for far of the final 4 centuries of its life it used to be to discover itself in a country of almost consistent conflict. This e-book examines the interesting background of the Byzantine Empire and its armies from 1118-1461 advert.

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